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Citrulline Malate is a non-essential amino acid that eventually converts to nitric oxide. Nitric oxide is a vasodilator that can help to lower blood pressure and improve blood flow to both organs and muscles.
Arginine is a semi-essential amino acid and is a chemical precursor to nitric oxide (a blood vessel-widening agent).
A 2010 study conducted by Bailey et al., discovered that for 3 days supplemental arginine was able to enhance nitric oxide production and decrease oxygen consumption by 7%, while also improving the amount of time it takes to hit exhaustion by 25% in healthy men.
TrimethylGlycine (Betaine Anhydrous):
Betaine helps to support methylation reactions in the body which include but are not limited to liver detoxification and neurotransmitter production.
Agmapure (Agmatine Sulfate):
Agmatine Sulfate helps improve nutrient partitioning which leads to an increase in muscle glycogen (carbs stored in muscle tissues). This then leads to more water retention within the muscles. This creates a fuller look to the muscles and provides a greater pump while hitting the iron.
Taurine, has a myriad of benefits. From helping the body to metabolize fat, improving insulin sensitivity, raising testosterone levels, working as an antioxidant, increasing performance, aiding in quicker recovery during athletic training, and increasing cardiovascular health. It goes without saying that Taurine is a great ingredient to have in your wheelhouse.
Zhang et al., conducted a study in 2004 with individuals who supplemented with taurine for 1 week before an exhaustive exercise. They found it significantly improved time to exhaustion, maximal oxygen capacity (VO2), and maximal workload. It also decreased exercise induced DNA damage.
Ornithine when bound by salt at the molecular level to Orotate (orotic acid) is much more bio-available than in its HCL or free form.
A 2008 study conducted by Sugino et al., discovered supplementation with ornithine was able to reduce perceptions of fatigue by 52%. This placebo effect was done by using a prolonged endurance test, and was able to reduce ammonia accrual during exercise.
L-Tyrosine helps to activate metabolic pathways that produce the hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine – which are typically produced during moments of stress on the body and provide a boost in the terms of a “fight or flight” scenario.
Hoffman et al., conducted a study in 2010 and results indicate that acute ingestion of supplements including L-tyrosine and anhydrous caffeine, can maintain reaction time, and feelings of focus and alertness to both visual and auditory stimuli, in healthy college students following exhaustive exercise.
Extracted from the roots of sprouted barley, hordenine has an adrenaline-like effect stemming from its ability to release norandrenaline.